From China's lockdown of the city of Wuhan ([ 1 ]) to U.S. restrictions on travelers from Europe ([ 2 ]) to border closures across a widening range of countries ([ 3 ]), governments are increasingly seeking to limit freedom of movement in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These travel restrictions have slowed, but not halted, the spread of the pandemic (“The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak,” M. Chinazzi et al. , Research Articles, published online 6 March, p. eaba9757). However, the necessity and benefits of this public health response are outweighed by its violation of international law. Under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR), binding on all World Health Organization (WHO) member states, health measures “shall not be more restrictive of international traffic and not more invasive or intrusive to persons than reasonably available alternatives” [([ 4 ]), art. 43]. Given the effectiveness of community-based public health measures such as social distancing ([ 5 ]) and contact tracing ([ 6 ]), the necessity of travel bans must be weighed against less restrictive a
Members of the ILC held an informal meeting on 3 September 2020, at which time statements were made in memory of Alexander Yankov. Due to the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic, the General Assembly adopted decision 74/566 by which it, inter alia, decided to hold the seventy-second session of the Commission in 2021, and decided that the terms of office of the current members should be extended by one year (until 31 December 2022).
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United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation (New York, 2018) (the Singapore Convention on Mediation) | United Nations Commission On International Trade Law
Date of adoption: 20 December 2018 Open for signature: 7 August 2019 in Singapore and, thereafter, at the United Nations headquarters in New York.
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Cruise ship passengers can be exposed to legal systems that don't provide the same protections they would find in the US.
For the study, clarification and development of International Law. The International Law Association (ILA) is a non-profit organisation that promotes the study, clarification and development of international law and the furtherance of international understanding and respect for international law.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It settles legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies. It comprises a panel of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council for nine-year terms. It is seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.